Target UPSC Prelims 2019 PDF Free Download – In order to further improve the competitive examination, today we have Target UPSC Prelims 2019 PDF Free Download. where questions are often asked in competitive examinations. If you are preparing for SSC, BANK, RAILWAY, IAS and other competitive exams, then this note will be very useful for all of you.
About Target UPSC Prelims 2019 PDF Free Download
UPSC Prelims is the first stage of the prestigious Civil Services Exam (CSE). The CSE is conducted every year by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). For the exam year 2019, the UPSC IAS Prelims exam will be held on Sunday, June 2.
If your target is the UPSC Prelims 2019, first go through the information given below. If you prefer, you can also directly navigate to the Target UPSC 2019 section in the same article by clicking on the link.
- Check the UPSC Calendar 2019 for Exam Dates and other important dates of the Civil Services Exam (Preliminary) and Main stage.
- The UPSC online application procedure for the IAS Prelims can be seen here.
- Go through the UPSC exam pattern of the Civil Services Exam – Prelims, Mains, and Interview.
UPSC Calendar 2019
The UPSC has released its Annual Calendar for the year 2019. This schedule gives the various exam dates for the recruitment tests conducted by the commission every year including the civil services, NDA, CDS, etc. This article gives details about the IAS exam 2019 calendar and date sheet.
The UPSC has also announced the IAS 2019 exam date. As per the UPSC 2019 time table provided, the civil services preliminary exam will be held on 2nd June 2019. The UPSC civil services mains exam will start from 20th September 2019. The UPSC notification for the prelims 2019 was released on 19th February 2019. The last date for the receipt of applications was 18th March.
Annual UPSC calendar 2019 / IAS Date Sheet 2019:
|Name of Exam||Date of Notification||Last Date for receipt of Applications||Date of Commencement of Exam||Duration of Exam|
|Civil Services (Prelims), 2019||19.02.2019||18.03.2019||02.06.2019||1 Day|
|Indian Forest Service (Prelims), 2019 through Civil Services (Prelims)||19.02.2019||18.03.2019||02.06.2019||1 Day|
|Civil Services (Mains – written), 2019||20.09.2019||5 Days|
|Indian Forest Service (Mains), 2019||01.12.2019||10 Days|
As you can see from the IAS exam time table 2019, the UPSC prelims exam is scheduled to be held on 2nd June next year. Aspirants have almost exactly one year to prepare for the IAS prelims and then the mains exam 2019.
Every year, the UPSC conducts the civil services exam to recruit officers into the Indian civil services. Candidates who clear the three stages of this exam will be appointed as officers of the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Foreign Service, Indian Revenue Service, etc.
IAS Exam pattern 2019:
- The prelims exam is the first stage of the UPSC CSE. This consists of two papers consisting of MCQs/objective-type questions.
- The second stage is the UPSC Mains exam which includes nine descriptive papers.
- The final stage is the Personality Test or the UPSC interview which is held in New Delhi.
Every stage requires candidates to clear it before moving on to the subsequent stage. Finally, based on the candidate’s rank obtained, preference and category, and the number of vacancies for that year, the candidate is allotted a service and cadre. You can also get the PDF of the UPSC IAS time table 2019 from here.
Download the detailed UPSC annual calendar 2019 from the link below:
The UPSC notification for 2019 was released on Feb 19. This official notification should be your go-to guide for any doubts related to IAS eligibility, civil services posts, exam pattern and UPSC syllabus. Read the 2019 UPSC notification here.
For your reference, you should keep a copy of the latest notification handy. Download the 2019 notification PDF from the link below.
Clearing the first stage of the Civil Services Exam is the easiest part of the 3-stage exam process. However, many aspirants take it too lightly and they have to start from scratch the next year.
The first step is to check your eligibility for the IAS exam.
- Candidates who are in their last year of college are also eligible for UPSC Prelims but they will need to submit the proof of passing later.
- The minimum education qualification required for the CSE is a graduation degree from a recognised University.
- For general category aspirants, the age limit is between 21-32 years of age.
- For general category aspirants, the number of attempts for the UPSC exam is limited to 6 attempts.
- For both, the age limit and the number of attempts, there are provisions of relaxation of criteria. Check IAS Eligibility for UPSC 2019 in detail.
- Ex-servicemen (and women) are also eligible for relaxation in criteria in the Civil Services Exam. Check the eligibility criteria for ex-servicemen in the IAS exam.
UPSC Eligibility Criteria
Lakhs of candidates take the UPSC civil services every year in the hope of making it into the coveted civil services of the country. Candidates must satisfy certain eligibility conditions if they wish to take the IAS exam. There are conditions of nationality, age and educational qualification which candidates must satisfy. These are described below in this article.
The IAS eligibility criteria are explained under four headings:
- Age Limit
- Number of Attempts
- Educational Qualification
UPSC Nationality Criteria
Nationality criteria for Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and Indian Police Service (IPS):
- Candidate must be a citizen of India
Nationality criteria for all other services:
- Candidate must be either:-
- a citizen of India, or
- a subject of Nepal, or
- a subject of Bhutan, or
- a Tibetan refugee who came to India before 1st January 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or
- a person of Indian origin (PIO) who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Ethiopia, Zaire and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
The candidates belonging to categories (B), (C), (D) and (E) should furnish a certificate of eligibility issued by the Government of India. Such candidates may take the exam before getting the said certificate of eligibility, but he/she would get the offer of appointment only after the certificate has been issued by the Government of India. Candidates belonging to (B), (C) and (D) are not eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service (IFS).
UPSC Age Criteria
The candidate must have attained the age of 21 years as on 1st August of the year in which the exam would be held. This means, for the UPSC 2019 exam, the candidate must be 21 years as on 1st August 2019.
The upper age limit for the IAS exam is 32 years. This means, the candidate must not have attained the age of 32 years as on 1st August 2019 for the forthcoming IAS exam. So, if a candidate wishes to take the 2019 UPSC exam, his or her date of birth should fall between 2nd August 1987 and 1st August 1998.
Of course, there are age relaxations for candidates belonging to the reserved categories. They are discussed below in the table.
|Category||Relaxation||Upper Age Limit|
|Other Backward Class (OBC)||Up to 3 years||35|
|Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST)||Up to 5 years||37|
|Defence Service Personnel disabled during service||Up to 3 years||35|
|Ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least 5 years military service as on 1st August 2019 and have been released *||Up to 5 years||37|
|Visually challenged/hearing impaired/physically challenged candidates||Up to 10 years||42|
* – such candidates on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment would complete within one year from 1st August 2019) other than those who have been dismissed or discharged on account of misconduct or inefficiency. Also, includes those servicemen who have been released due to physical disability attributable to military service; and also who have been released owing to invalidment.
Points to note:-
- Candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC who also fall under the category of ex-servicemen/physically or visually challenged/hearing impaired will be eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under both the categories.
- The term ex-servicemen, is as defined in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979.
- Ex-servicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs who are released on their own will not be eligible for the age concession as explained above.
- Physically disabled candidates will have to satisfy the requirements of physical and medical standards for the concerned posts/services after examination by the Government or appointing authority.
- The proof of date of birth/age is the matriculation or secondary school leaving certificate, or a certificate recognized by an Indian University as equivalent to matriculation.
- These certificates should be submitted only while applying for the UPSC mains exam.
- No other certificate like horoscopes, affidavits, birth extracts from Municipal Corporation, service records would be accepted as proof of age.
- While entering the DOB online at the time of applying for the UPSC prelims exam, make sure it is as entered in the matriculation certificate. Otherwise, disciplinary action can be taken against the candidate by the Commission.
UPSC Number of Attempts Criteria
The number of times candidates are permitted to take the IAS exam is given in the below table:
|Category||Number of Attempts|
|Physically Handicapped (General)||9|
|Physically Handicapped (OBC)||9|
|Physically Handicapped (SC/ST)||No restriction|
Points to note:-
- If a candidate appears for the UPSC prelims exam, it will be deemed as one attempt.
- If a candidate clears the UPSC prelims, he/she will be eligible for appearing for the USPC mains of that year only.
- Even if a candidate’s candidature is disqualified or canceled, his/her taking the exam will be counted as one attempt.
- A candidate who is appointed to the IAS/IFS (Foreign Service) on the basis of the result of an earlier civil service exam and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to apply for this exam. If such candidate is given such appointment after taking the 2019 prelims exam, he/she will not be permitted to take the mains exam of 2019. Also, if such a candidate is appointed to the IAS/IFS after taking the UPSC mains 2019 but before the announcement of the results, then he/she will not be considered for appointment to service on the basis of 2019 mains exam.
UPSC Educational Qualification Criteria
- The candidate must have at least a bachelor’s degree from a recognised university to take the UPSC exam.
- Even those candidates who have written the final year exams of the qualifying exam (bachelor’s degree) and are awaiting results can apply. Also, candidates who would write the final exam are also eligible to apply for the IAS prelims exam. But, these candidates must produce the proof of passing the exam while applying for the IAS mains exam.
- In exceptional cases, the UPSC may allow a candidate who does not fall under the aforementioned categories if the candidate has passed an exam conducted by other institutions, the standard of which the UPSC is convinced justifies his/her admission to take the UPSC exam.
- Those candidates with professional/technical qualifications which are recognized by the Government as equivalent to professional/technical degrees are also eligible.
- MBBS candidates who have not yet completed their internship by the time of applying for the UPSC Mains will be given a provisional admission to take the mains, provided they submit a copy of the certificate from the concerned University/institution authority that they have passed the requisite final professional medical examination. At the time of the interview, such candidates will have to produce a certificate from the University/institution stating that they have completed all the requirements (including completion of internship) for the award of the medical degree.
The UPSC Prelims is highly competitive as the exam is the entry point for a career in the Indian bureaucracy.
Via the Civil Services Exam (Preliminary), the UPSC recruits for:
- The three All-India Service (Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Forest Service)
- Central Services ( Indian Foreign Service, Indian Revenue Service, Indian Trade Service etc.)
In total, the UPSC Prelims is the first stage of the entry process for 24 Group A and Group B services. To read in detail about the same and more information on the Civil Services Exam, refer to the link.
The Indian Administrative Service (IAS), the Indian Police Service (IPS) and the Indian Foreign Service (IFS) are the most preferred choices among the aspirants.
Know the IAS salary and IPS salary in India after the 7th Pay Commission. Along with the salary and perks, comes a heavy load of responsibilities. Read about the life of IAS officer to get some context.
Usually, around 10 lakh aspirants fill the UPSC online form. The entire application process including the issuance of admit cards has been made online by UPSC.
The e-Admit Cards for UPSC Civil Services Exam are issued 2-3 weeks prior to the date of the exam. Know how to download the UPSC Admit Card and steps to take in case of any discrepancy.
The Prelims stage of the IAS exam is a screening test for the Mains. UPSC filters the majority of IAS aspirants at this stage itself. Past trends show that the number of candidates allowed to take the UPSC Mains is about 10-12 times the total number of Civil Service vacancies in that year.
Number of total vacancies in UPSC 2019: 896
The pass percentage for the UPSC IAS exam is less than even 0.5%. However, these statistics shouldn’t deter you from pursuing a chance of a fulfilling life in the most coveted careers in India.
UPSC Age Criteria For EX Serviceman
Defence personnel cannot take the UPSC Civil Services Exam while in service. However, a short service commissioned (SSC) officer in the army can take the exam if he has less than two years of service left and satisfies all the other eligibility conditions of the UPSC CSE. Also, ex-servicemen can also take the exam provided they satisfy all the eligibility conditions. The government also gives certain concessions to ex-servicemen in the age criterion. Read on to know more about ex-servicemen quota in UPSC.
The term Ex-servicemen in the context of UPSC CSE exam is defined in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979 which have been amended from time to time.
- In UPSC CSE, there is the provision of age relaxation up to a maximum of five years for ex-servicemen (including Commissioned Offers and SSCO/ECOs) who have been released from service and provided they have served a minimum of five years of Military Service as on August 1, 2019.
- Those whose assignment is scheduled to be over within one year from Aug 1, 2019, are also eligible.
- However, those who have been dismissed/discharged from service on reasons of misconduct or inefficiency are not eligible for the age relaxation in the UPSC IAS exam.
- For those aspirants who have completed the five-year military service but their assignment has been extended, they are eligible if the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate stating that they will be released on three months’ notice if they are selected in the UPSC CSE merit list.
- Defence personnel who got disabled during hostilities with a foreign country or in a disturbed area and were released post it can also claim age relaxation up to a maximum of three years in the UPSC CSE 2019.
Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Central Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979
- The Ex-servicemen rules were amended as per The Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) notification in 2012.
- Disabled servicemen have no cap on the number of permissible attempts. They can take the exam as long as they don’t cross the upper age limit.
- Commissioned Officers (ECOs/SSCOs) who have been released on their own accord are not eligible to take the concession.
- Ex-servicemen candidates who also fall under the SC/ST/OBC category are eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under both the categories (community and ex-servicemen).
Target UPSC Prelims 2019
The exam pattern of the UPSC Prelims is as follows:
|Exam||Civil Services Exam (Preliminary)|
|Date||Sunday, June 2, 2019|
|Number of papers||Two;|
|Duration of exam||The papers are of 2 hrs each, both conducted on the same day in two sessions.|
|Type of exam||Offline (pen-paper)|
|Nature of questions||Both papers comprise objective-type MCQs|
|Items prohibited||Electronic communication devices and calculators are prohibited in UPSC Prelims|
|Items you need to carry on the day of UPSC Prelims|
|Total number of questions|
|Qualifying criteria for UPSC Prelims|
Both the papers (GS 1 and CSAT) have negative marking. Read the marking scheme for UPSC Prelims in detail.
For every incorrect answer, an aspirant would lose 1/3rd of the marks allocated for that question. This means that an incorrect answer in GS 1 of UPSC Prelims carries a penalty of 0.67 marks while an incorrect answer in the CSAT paper carries a penalty of 0.83 marks.
The UPSC Syllabus for the Prelims exam is given below:
|General Studies Paper 1||General Studies Paper 2 (CSAT)|
The preparation for UPSC Prelims should be done alongside the preparation for UPSC Mains. Even though the Mains exam comprises descriptive essay type questions, there is significant syllabus overlap in History, Polity, Geography, Economy, Environment and Current Affairs asked in Prelims.
For easy reference, you should keep a copy of the latest UPSC syllabus handy.
There is a lot of misinformation floating on the internet about the difficulty-level of IAS exam questions. The IAS questions are not some out-of-the-blue complicated things to fear, rather they aim to test the candidates’ basic aptitude and awareness about his/her general surroundings.
Care must be taken to prepare in accordance with the exam pattern for each respective stage of the UPSC CSE exam.
If your target is UPSC Prelims 2019, then you need to practice UPSC MCQs as part of your IAS preparation.
In the links below, you can find the subject-wise MCQs and more free UPSC mock tests for the IAS Exam 2019.
- UPSC MCQs 2019: General Knowledge MCQs
- UPSC MCQs 2019: Science And Technology MCQs
- UPSC MCQs 2019: Environment MCQs
- UPSC MCQs 2019: Indian Polity MCQs
- UPSC MCQs 2019: Indian Economy MCQs
- UPSC MCQs 2019: International Relations MCQs
- UPSC MCQs 2019: Government Schemes MCQs
Practice is only successful if one has a clear idea about the ultimate goal. Candidates should solve UPSC previous years’ question papers to ascertain their skill and knowledge gap.
Find the UPSC question papers for Prelims and Mains (2013-2018) at the linked article.
UPSC releases the mark sheet of Prelims after the entire exam process for that particular year is over. Check to see the process of UPSC marksheet.
Target UPSC Prelims 2019 also includes compilations of free UPSC mock tests with likely IAS MCQs for the Civil Service Prelims Exam. Here, you can find UPSC MCQs for General Studies(GS) Paper I of the IAS Prelims. This segment will be updated regularly to give you free IAS MCQs for the polity, economy, environment and ecology, etc. All major areas including current affairs will be covered, giving you UPSC prelims questions with answers.
- Download PDFs containing more than 350 UPSC MCQs each.
- Questions are divided into sections like polity, environment, international relations, science and technology, government schemes and more.
- Each question is accompanied by the answer, explanation, approach and related topics for studying.
- Each question bank is focussed on events that were featured in the news for a time period (for instance, the first volume of the question bank is for the period June to August 2018). This ensures maximum coverage of issues in news for UPSC Prelims 2019.
- The questions have been compiled from multiple sources such as The Hindu, The Indian Express, PIB, Economic Times, Business Standard, various government websites and other standard sources.
- Absolutely Free
As mentioned in the UPSC syllabus, there are two papers in UPSC Prelims. Before we delve into the details of General Studies Paper 1, let’s focus on GS 2 or CSAT. The UPSC exam pattern was changed in 2011 and then tweaked in 2015. As per the latest pattern, the GS 2 paper is only a qualifying paper with 33% passing criteria.
Routinely referred to as CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test), UPSC officially calls it as the General Studies Paper 2 in UPSC Prelims. The CSAT paper tests the basic aptitude and comprehension skills of the IAS aspirants.
For complete information (detailed syllabus, strategy, trend analysis, book list) on CSAT, refer the link.
For GS 1, there are various subjects like History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Environment and Current Affairs. Every year, 100 questions are asked in GS1 paper and the weightage of different subjects vary slightly.
Selecting the right study material for IAS preparation is a very important step which needs careful consideration. For many candidates, IAS coaching is also a feasible option where the experts guide them skillfully. However, classroom coachings are not everyone’s cup of tea.
Clear UPSC Prelims in First Attempt!
It is easy to clear UPSC Prelims provided you have the right attitude and give your best effort. MCQs are easier to solve than writing 500 words answers in the UPSC Mains or facing the daunting UPSC Personality Board for the interview.
Book a counselling session for UPSC exam preparation 2019 now!
NCERT books are hailed by IAS toppers as the perfect starting point for the UPSC exam preparation. So, make sure that you get the basic concepts from these NCERT books and then build on that knowledge by reading reference books.
NCERT books on their own are not enough for the IAS exam preparation especially with the heavy stress on Current Affairs based questions in both Prelims and Mains stages. However, at least keep soft-copies of NCERT books for quick fact-checks and basic concepts.
You can free download NCERT books here.
Few important reference books for the IAS exam are:
- M Laxmikanth for Indian Polity
- Majid Hussain for Geography
- Bipin Chandra for History
- Ramesh Singh for Indian Economy
You can download the UPSC books list pdf below and check the best books for IAS preparation.
UPSC Books List PDF: –Download PDF Here
If you have gone through the NCERT books and basic study material then focus more on Current Affairs and solving UPSC MCQs in the time available.
The Current Affairs portion in UPSC Prelims and Mains has become quite important. Even the traditionally ‘static’ portions of the UPSC syllabus such as Polity, Geography, Economy are being linked to events of national and international importance and hence increasingly ‘dynamic’ questions in the IAS exam.
Visit the link to see the trend analysis of UPSC Current Affairs in past years.
The important preparation sources of UPSC MCQs for the current affairs part in UPSC Prelims include:
- The Press Information Bureau (PIB)
- Rajya Sabha TV (RSTV)
- Yojana Magazine
- Monthly Magazines For UPSC
- The Hindu/The Indian Express
For many IAS aspirants, keeping a track of daily news becomes difficult soon and they skip the important aspect of aligning the news articles with the relevant parts of the UPSC syllabus.
Here, you can download PDF of Daily News Analysis for UPSC Prelims and Mains 2019. This comprehensive news analysis articles are updated daily and are aligned to the syllabus of the IAS exam.
Download Target UPSC Prelims 2019 PDF
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